2004 – the year of change


Joining the European Union meant a break in the post-November history of migration from Slovakia. While until 2004 one needed to organize working permit and search for contacts which could mediate a job in the West, after May 2004, it was not necessary anymore. It was enough, almost literally, to have just ‘a bit of courage and few euros for a flight ticket’. This change is connected also to a gradual fall of inner migration selectivity. People leaving the country prior to joining EU disposed of larger human and social capital more often. In years after our entering the EU, the availability ‘democratized’ the migration, which meant the people leaving resembled a representative sample of Slovak population more and more. The younger with knowledge of English were still in advantage, but this advantage became to dissolve with the growing communities of our people (not only) behind the La Manche channel.